Taiwan is a developed nation with an educated populace and good infrastructure. Taiwan is not part of the Hague Convention.Children who cannot be parented by their families of birth are first available for domestic adoption within Taiwan.Taiwan has two different adoption programs; one for healthy infants, and the other for older children and those with special needs.Both programs highly favor adoptive couples without or with only a few children.
In 2010, U.S. citizens adopted approximately 282 children from Taiwan. Children available for adoption are infant to school-aged, more boys than girls, as well as older children, sibling groups, and children with special needs. The children reside in orphanages.In Taiwan, birth families are given the option of participating in the selection of adoptive parents for the child. Generally, after the required documents are forwarded to Taiwan, families wait an average of 18 - 24 months to be selected by a birth mother. As a result, waiting times can vary greatly. The referral time can be much shorter for adoptive families open to older children, children with special needs and sibling groups.
The United States does not have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan.Therefore, the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) handles the entire Consular and other representative functions between the governments of the United States and Taiwan.It is extremely important that adoptive parents work with a licensed Taiwan agency.
Adoptive parents may specify age and gender.Once an adoptive family has been selected and the family accepts the child referred to them, they can expect to travel about 5 months after submission of the adoption papers.
Couples married for at least five years may adopt from Taiwan.The orphanages require that applicants be at least 16-20 years older than the child. The culture in Taiwan favors adoptive homes without children, or just a few. Families with four or more children may be accepted into the program, but referral times may be severely extended.
Although escort to the US may be arranged, families are highly encouraged to travel to Taiwan to meet their child, the birth family and caretakers, visit the child care setting and spend some time learning about the culture of Taiwan.The approximate cost of adoption from Taiwan ranges from $25,000 to $35,000.Travel usually takes 4-7 business days.
Adoptive parents will be required to complete Post Adoption reports.Taiwan requires reports three and six months after you return home and annual reports for five-seven years.
In addition to the U.S. requirements for adoptive parents, Taiwan also has the following requirements for adoptive parents:
Residency Requirements: There are currently no residency requirements that prospective adoptive parents must meet in order to adopt an orphan from Taiwan.
Age Requirements: Prospective adoptive parents must be at least twenty years older than the child to be adopted. If married however, the other parent must be at least 16 years older than the adopted child. Taiwanese regulations further stipulate that adopting parents must be adults not older than 55 years of age.
Marriage Requirements: A married person who adopts a child shall do so jointly with his/her spouse. Single women are able to adopt older children or special needs children (adoption council)
Income Requirements: Prospective adoptive parents must have a stable residence, legitimate work and sufficient financial means.