Country Updates: Mexico

mexico

Mexico is OPEN to intercountry adoptions.

 

CCAI GENERAL OVERVIEW ON MEXICAN ADOPTION

Mexico became a party to the Hague Convention in 1994. The established Central Authority is the DIF – Desarrollo Integral de la Familia, or the State System for the Full Development of the Family. Regarding intercountry adoptions, it is important to know that Mexico is a civil law government. As such, each of the 31 states in Mexico has their own distinct, though similar, civil code. In addition to the requirements that are to be met with the DIF and the Mexican Foreign Relations office, adoptions must also meet the requirements of the individual state in which the child resides. This process can be, therefore, difficult and complex.

 

Children are available for adoption when they are orphaned or abandoned. Extreme poverty is the primary catalyst for the relinquishment or abandonment of children. There are tremendous disparities in the social fabric of Mexico, and several million children are victims of forced labor.

 

Prospective parents must work with an accredited adoption service provider authorized by the Desarrollo Integral de la Familia (DIF).There is only one authorized accredited adoption service provider in Mexico, Caolina Adoptions.

 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE ALERTS & NOTICES

September 17, 2013 Notice: Updated information on U.S.-based Hague Accredited Adoption Service Providers authorized by Mexican Central Authority

August 26, 2013 Notice: Updated information from the Mexican Central Authority regarding adoptions completed without first fulfilling all intercountry adoption processing steps.

July 11, 2013 Notice: Updated information on U.S.-based Hague Accredited Adoption Service Providers authorized by Mexican Central Authority

October 13, 2011 - Notice: Mexican Central Authority Grants National Authorization to an Additional U.S.-based Hague Accredited Adoption Service Provider

August 2, 2011 - Notice: Mexican Central Authority Granted National Authorization to an Additional U.S. based Hague Accredited Adoption Service Provider

 

MEXICO ADOPTION INFORMATION

All of the information listed below is from the following source:

Mexico Web Page, U.S. Department of State, Office of Children's Issues

 

Number of Adoptions to the U.S.

Fiscal Year Number
FY 2013 21
FY 2012 21
FY 2011 22
FY 2010 52
FY 2009 72
FY 2008 105
FY 2007 89
FY 2006 70
FY 2005 88
FY 2004 89

Hague Country: Yes

 

Central Authority: Secretary for Exterior Relations (Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores)

 

SPECIAL RULES/PROCEDURES

In addition to these U.S. requirements for prospective adoptive parents, Mexico also has the following eligibility requirements for prospective adoptive parents:


Residency Requirements: Mexican adoption procedures include a one to three week pre-adoption trial period, during which the child lives with the prospective adoptive parent(s) in Mexico. Because of the large amount of paperwork in both the Mexican and American processes, the DIF suggests that adoptive parents be prepared to spend at least three months in Mexico including the pre-adoption trial period.

Age Requirements: Prospective adoptive parents must be over 25 years of age and at least 17 years older than the child. If married, only one parent must meet the age requirement.

Marriage Requirements: Prospective adoptive parents may be married or single, male or female.

Income Requirements: Prospective adoptive parents must demonstrate the means to support the physical and educational needs of the child.

 

NOTE: While similar, each Mexican state does have its own civil code governing adoptions. Therefore, it is important to check with each state, as the laws among states will vary.