Kyrgyzstan is currently CLOSED to intercountry adoptions.
CCAI GENERAL OVERVIEW OF KYRGYZSTAN ADOPTION
Intercountry adoptions from Kyrgyzstan to the United States began in 2004, and grew from one adoption in 2004 to seventy-eight in 2008. The process ground to a halt in October 2008 due to allegations of corruption and fraud. On February 2, 2009, the Kyrgyz Prime Minister placed an official moratorium on international adoptions. He announced that the government planned to overhaul the adoption system, conduct criminal investigations in response to the fraud and abuses, and begin drafting new laws while considering whether or not to become a member of the Hague Convention. Approximately 65 American families were in the process of completing adoptions when this moratorium was announced, and the children they were matched with in 2008 are still waiting to be placed with their families.
On March 19, 2010, the Kyrgyz Parliament did pass a new bill amending certain Family Code provisions on adoption, but the president did not sign the bill, further stalling a resolution to pending and new intercountry adoptions. Soon thereafter, political unrest led to the bloody revolution which included the overthrow of President Bakiyev and his administration, and the dissolving of the Kyrgyz Parliament. The country then began the process of restoring basic government functions, and efforts to resolve both pending and new intercountry adoptions were stalled.
On May 6, 2011, succeeding President Otunbaeva signed the new bill into law, and the Kyrgyz government expects to use this law to monitor and expedite pending adoptions. The bill mandates that all new international adoptions pass through Kyrgyzstan's Social Welfare Ministry. Under the new bill, accredited agencies may apply to the Ministry on behalf of prospective parents, but direct contact between foreign-based adoption agencies and orphanages is not permitted. The Ministry is tasked with identifying eligible children, conducting background checks on prospective parents, and matching parents with children. An October 7, 2011, update from the State Department to U.S. families with pending adoptions condirmed that the Ministry's accreditation authority will accredit three adoption agencies per receiving country to begin processing adoptions for prospective parents. The update also affirmed that this authority will be in place by October 10, 2011, and will make accreditation decisions within ten weeks of receiving completed agency applications.
Adoption Authority: Ministry of Education: Department for Extracurricular Education and Protection of Children’s Rights (DEEPCR)
In addition to the U.S. requirements for adoptive parents, Kyrgyzstan also has the following requirements for adoptive parents:
Residency Requirements: Prior to the adoption, prospective adoptive parents must reside with the child for a minimum of one week at the child’s habitual place of residence in the Kyrgyzstan. During this pre-adoption bonding period, a psychologist from the Ministry of Education monitors the interaction between the prospective adoptive parent(s) and the child, and reports to the Ministry of Education. This prior visit requirement may be waived by the Ministry of Education if the adopting parents submit a statement of hardship in accommodating the two-trip requirement. This cannot be waived, however, in cases where the child suffers from serious mental or physical disorders.
Age Requirements: Under Kyrgyz law, prospective adoptive parents must be at least 18 years old.
Marriage Requirements: Both married and single people may adopt Kyrgyz children; however, two people who are not married to each other cannot adopt a child together.
Other Requirements: Kyrgyz law prevents homosexual individuals or couples from adoption. Single parents may be required to present a sworn statement that they are not homosexual.